Mike Pence is Donald Trump’s running mate. Click here to learn more about the 2020 presidential election.

Michael Richard “Mike” Pence (b. June 7, 1959, in Columbus, Indiana) is the 48th vice president of the United States, serving in President Donald Trump’s (R) administration. He was elected on November 8, 2016, and sworn in on January 20, 2017.

Pence served as the 50th governor of Indiana from 2013 to 2017. As governor, Pence signed into law a 5 percent individual income tax cut in Indiana. He also supported the Indiana Religious Freedom Restoration Act in 2015, allowing individuals and businesses to exert a right to the free exercise of religion.[1][2] In his first year in office, FiveThirtyEight ranked him as the second most conservative governor in the country.[3]

From 2001 to 2013, Pence served as a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives. During his final year in the House, Pence was rated a far-right Republican leader based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack.[4]

Pence’s press secretary stated that Pence tested negative for coronavirus on March 21, 2020. Pence was tested after one of his staffers tested positive.[5] Click here for more information on political figures impacted by coronavirus.


  • 1 Biography
  • 2 Political career
    • 2.1 Vice president of the United States, 2017-present
      • 2.1.1 Tie-breaking votes cast by Pence
    • 2.2 Governor of Indiana, 2013-2017
    • 2.3 U.S. House of Representatives, 2001-2013
      • 2.3.1 Committee assignments, 2011-2012
      • 2.3.2 Congressional Personal Gain Index
      • 2.3.3 2011 National Journal vote ratings
      • 2.3.4 Voting with party
        • 2011
  • 3 Issues
    • 3.1 Pence on domestic affairs
    • 3.2 Pence on economic affairs and government regulations
    • 3.3 Pence on foreign affairs and national security
    • 3.4 Pence on politics and leadership
  • 4 Elections
    • 4.1 2020
      • 4.1.1 Vice presidency
    • 4.2 2016
      • 4.2.1 Vice presidency
      • 4.2.2 Presidential transition team
    • 4.3 2016 presidential endorsement
      • 4.3.1 Gubernatorial election
      • 4.3.2 Potential presidential bid
    • 4.4 2012
      • 4.4.1 Issue positions
    • 4.5 2010
  • 5 Campaign donors
    • 5.1 2012
    • 5.2 2010
  • 6 Personal
  • 7 Noteworthy events
    • 7.1 Tested negative for coronavirus on March 16, 2020
  • 8 Recent news
  • 9 See also
  • 10 External links
  • 11 Footnotes


Pence was born in Columbus, Indiana, in 1959. He graduated from Hanover College with a bachelor’s degree in history in 1981. He continued his education at Indiana University School of Law, earning his J.D. in 1986.[1][6]

Pence began his professional career in private practice. He also led the Indiana Policy Review Foundation from 1991 through 1993 and hosted a syndicated talk radio show called The Mike Pence Show.[1][6]

He first entered politics as a precinct committeeman for the Marion County Republican Party. He made two unsuccessful runs for the U.S. House against incumbent Rep. Philip Sharp (D) in 1988 and 1990. In 2000, he ran for the U.S. House again, this time winning the race for Indiana’s 2nd Congressional District.[1]

While in Congress, Pence was named the chairman of the Republican Study Committee in 2005. He became chairman of the House Republican Conference in 2011.[1]

Pence was elected the 50th governor of Indiana in 2012. After announcing he intended to run for a second gubernatorial term, Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump selected Pence as his running mate. Pence was elected on November 8, 2016, and sworn in as vice president of the United States on January 20, 2017.[1]

Political career

Vice president of the United States, 2017-present

See also: Policy issues under the Trump administration

Pence is the 48th vice president of the United States. He was elected vice president on November 8, 2016, and sworn in on January 20, 2017. This section includes an overview of Pence’s tie-breaking votes as president of the Senate.

Tie-breaking votes cast by Pence

See also: Tie-breaking votes cast by vice presidents in the Senate

How many tie-breaking votes has Mike Pence cast in the Senate? Click to watch. View other episodes here.

As of June 25, 2019, Vice President Mike Pence had cast 13 tie-breaking votes in the Senate:

  • December 21, 2018: The Senate voted 47-47 on whether to open discussion on the Child Protection Improvements Act of 2017. Pence broke the tie to open discussion on the act.[7]
  • February 28, 2018: The Senate voted 49-49 on Russell Vought’s nomination to be the deputy director of the Office of Management and Budget. Pence broke the tie to confirm Vought.[11]
  • January 24, 2018: The Senate voted 49-49 twice on Kansas Gov. Sam Brownback’s (R) nomination as ambassador-at-large for international religious freedom. Pence broke the initial tie to end debate on the nomination and cast his second vote to confirm the nomination.[12]
  • December 2, 2017: The Senate voted 50-50 on an amendment to allow the use of 529 savings accounts to pay for elementary and secondary school costs, including private-school tuition. Pence broke the tie.[13]
  • October 24, 2017: The Senate voted 50-50 on a joint resolution to nullify a rule submitted by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) regarding arbitration agreements. Pence broke the tie. The CFPB’s rule would have prevented companies from including arbitration clauses in customer contracts that block customers from filing class-action lawsuits in the case of a dispute. It was set to go into effect in 2018.[14]
  • July 25, 2017: The Senate held a vote on a motion to proceed to the American Health Care Act of 2017 (AHCA), the House-passed repeal and replace bill. The motion was approved 51-50. Pence voted in favor of the bill to break the 50-50 tie.[15]
  • March 30, 2017: The Senate voted to advance HJ Res 43—a measure allowing states to withhold federal funding for family planning from Planned Parenthood and other healthcare providers that perform abortions. Under an Obama-era regulation, states could not exclude a healthcare provider from receiving Title X funding for family planning and related services, like cervical cancer screenings, because it also provided abortion services. Pence cast the tie-breaking vote on the procedural motion to revoke the rule.[16]
  • March 30, 2017: Pence then cast the tie-breaking vote on final vote to revoke the rule.[17]
  • February 7, 2017: Betsy DeVos was confirmed by the Senate as secretary of education by a vote of 51-50. It was the first time in history a vice president had broken a tie in a Cabinet nomination vote.[18]

Governor of Indiana, 2013-2017

Pence served as governor of Indiana from January 14, 2013, to January 9, 2017. He was succeeded by Eric Holcomb (R).[19][20]

U.S. House of Representatives, 2001-2013

Pence served in the United States House of Representatives from 2001 to 2013. In 2000, he won election to Indiana’s 2nd Congressional District. In 2002, the district was renumbered as Indiana’s 6th Congressional District.

Committee assignments, 2011-2012

Congressional Personal Gain Index

See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Pence’s net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $11,015 and $169,000. That averages to $90,007.50, which was lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2010 of $7,561,133.[21] Between 2004 and 2012, Pence’s calculated net worth[22] increased by an average of 155 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2014, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[23]

Mike Pence Yearly Net Worth
Year Average Net Worth
2004 $15,803
2012 $211,510
Growth from 2004 to 2012: 1,238%
Average annual growth: 155%[24]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[25]

The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership, and many other variables unrelated to a member’s behavior in Congress.

2011 National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year, National Journal published an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Pence ranked 19th in the conservative rankings in 2011.[26]

Voting with party


Mike Pence voted with the Republican Party 94 percent of the time, which ranked 74th among the 242 House Republican members as of November 2011.[27]


Click on the tiles below to see Pence’s issue positions on domestic, economic, and foreign policy when he was a member of Congress, governor of Indiana, and the 2016 Republican vice presidential nominee.

Pence on domestic affairs

Click the tiles below to learn more about Pence’s positions on domestic affairs.

Pence on economic affairs and government regulations

Click the tiles below to learn more about Pence’s positions on economic affairs and government regulations.

Pence on foreign affairs and national security

Click the tiles below to learn more about Pence’s positions on foreign affairs and national security.

Pence on politics and leadership

Click the tiles below to learn more about Pence’s character, communications, and leadership positions.



Vice presidency

See also: Presidential election, 2020, Republican National Convention, 2020, and Vice presidential candidates, 2020

President Donald Trump (R) indicated Pence would again be his running mate on November 7, 2018.[28]

Click here to learn more about the 2020 Trump presidential campaign.


Vice presidency

See also: Mike Pence vice presidential campaign, 2016See also: Splits between the Electoral College and popular vote

U.S. presidential election, 2016
Party Candidate Vote % Votes Electoral votes
     Democratic Hillary Clinton/Tim Kaine 48.3% 65,844,969 227
     Republican Donald Trump/Mike Pence 46.2% 62,979,984 304
     Libertarian Gary Johnson/Bill Weld 3.3% 4,492,919 0
     Green Jill Stein/Ajamu Baraka 1.1% 1,449,370 0
     Other 1.2% 1,684,908 7
Total Votes 136,452,150 538
Election results via: Ballotpedia

Note: Trump and Clinton were projected to receive 306 and 232 electoral votes, respectively. Seven electors, however, cast votes for other candidates. Read about what happened here. The results listed above are based on reports from state secretary of state offices and election boards. Several news outlets reported that Pence was traveling to meet with Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump on July 1, 2016, and that he was formally being vetted as a potential running mate for Trump. Pence’s office confirmed the meeting in an official statement, but the governor downplayed a possible VP pick, saying, “I haven’t talked to him about that topic. My focus is here in the Hoosier state and that is where it will stay.”[29]

On July 15, 2016, Trump announced that he had selected Pence as his running mate.[30]

Presidential transition team

Pence was a member of Donald Trump’s presidential transition team. The transition team was a group of around 100 aides, policy experts, government affairs officials, and former government officials who were tasked with vetting, interviewing, and recommending individuals for top cabinet and staff roles in Trump’s administration. According to The New York Times, Pence took over the transition’s chairmanship, which had previously been run by New Jersey Governor Chris Christie, on November 11, 2016.[31]

2016 presidential endorsement

Pence endorsed Donald Trump for the Republican primary in the 2016 U.S. presidential election.[32]

See also: Endorsements for Donald Trump

Pence had previously endorsed Ted Cruz.[33]

Gubernatorial election

See also: Indiana gubernatorial election, 2016 and Indiana races we’re watching, 2016

Pence initially filed as a candidate for the Republican gubernatorial nomination in 2016 and ran unopposed in the Republican primary election. However, after rumors had circulated for weeks, Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump announced in the morning on July 15, 2016, via Twitter that Pence would be joining his ticket as his running mate and vice presidential pick. Pence withdrew from the race the same day, just prior to the noon deadline.[34]

Potential presidential bid

See also: Mike Pence vice presidential campaign, 2016

Pence was considered a potential Republican candidate for the 2016 presidential election. However, he announced that he would not seek the presidency on May 19, 2015.[35][36]


See also: Indiana gubernatorial election, 2012

Pence won election as governor of Indiana in 2012. Pence was slated to face Fishers businessman Jim Wallace in the May 8, 2012, Republican primary election, but Wallace was removed from the ballot by the Indiana Election Commission on February 24, 2012, for failing to receive the requisite 500 signatures per congressional district. Thus, Pence was unopposed in the Republican primary, and he defeated former House Speaker John Gregg (D), Rupert Boneham (L), and write-in candidate Donnie Harold Harris in the general election on November 6, 2012.[37][38][39]

Governor/Lieutenant Governor of Indiana General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic John Gregg / Vi Simpson 46.6% 1,200,016
     Republican Mike Pence / Sue Ellspermann 49.5% 1,275,424
     Libertarian Rupert Boneham / Brad Klopfenstein 4% 101,868
     Independent Donnie Harold Harris / George Fish 0% 21
Total Votes 2,577,329
Election results via Indiana Secretary of State
Governor of Indiana Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Mike Pence 100% 554,412
Total Votes 554,412
Election results via Indiana Secretary of State.

Issue positions

  • Economic development:

In terms of economic development, Pence said, “We would identify personnel in the IEDC with essentially an investment background that we would recruit and say, ‘We want you to go to each community in this state and evaluate the assets on the ground. And we want you to meet with business leaders.'”[40]

  • Health Insurance:

In a letter to Gov. Mitch Daniels (R) in August 2012, Pence said that if elected governor he would not set up a health insurance exchange in Indiana, leaving the job to the federal government instead. “I believe Indiana should take no part in this deeply flawed health care bureaucracy,” he stated.[41]

The major issue of the 2012 campaign was jobs, with each candidate detailing their plan to get citizens back to work. Pence said he would create a jobs cabinet made up of business leaders and investment specialists who would support start-up businesses.[42]


On November 2, 2010, Pence won re-election to the United States House of Representatives. He defeated Barry Welsh (D) and Talmage “T.J” Thompson Jr. (Lib.) in the general election.[43]

U.S. House of Representatives, Indiana’s 6th Congressional District, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Mike Pence Incumbent 66.6% 126,027
     Democratic Barry Welsh 29.9% 56,647
     Libertarian Talmage “T.J” Thompson Jr. 3.5% 6,635
Total Votes 189,309

Campaign donors

The finance data shown here comes from the disclosures required of candidates and parties. Depending on the election or state, this may not represent all the funds spent on their behalf. Satellite spending groups may or may not have expended funds related to the candidate or politician on whose page you are reading this disclaimer, and campaign finance data from elections may be incomplete. For elections to federal offices, complete data can be found at the FEC website. Click here for more on federal campaign finance law and here for more on state campaign finance law.

Mike Pence campaign contribution history
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 Governor of Indiana $14,841,352
Grand total raised $14,841,352
Source: Follow the Money


Pence won re-election to the position of Governor of Indiana in 2012. During that election cycle, Pence raised a total of $14,841,352.

Governor of Indiana 2012 election – Campaign Contributions
Top contributors to Mike Pence’s campaign in 2012
Republican Governors Association $1,125,425
Indiana Republican Party $811,505
Dean V. White $425,000
Mike Pence CMTE $319,394
Sue Ellspermann for Lt. Governor $300,000
Total Raised in 2012 $14,841,352
Total Votes received in 2012 1,275,424
Cost of each vote received $11.64
Source:Follow the Money


Breakdown of the source of Pence’s campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Pence won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Pence’s campaign committee raised a total of $2,684,316 and spent $2,654,178.[44]

U.S. House, Indiana, District 6, 2010 – Mike Pence Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $2,684,316
Total Spent $2,654,178
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $115
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $5,604
Top contributors to Mike Pence’s campaign committee
Krieg Devault LLP $18,700
Blue Cross/Blue Shield $18,000
Eli Lilly & Co $17,200
Wells Fargo $15,498
Pence-Friedel Developers $14,400
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Retired $235,200
Securities & Investment $113,564
Republican/Conservative $106,205
Health Professionals $84,283
Lawyers/Law Firms $83,888


Note: Please contact us if the personal information below requires an update.
Pence and his wife, Karen, have been married since 1985. They have three children: Michael, Charlotte, and Audrey.[45]

Tested negative for coronavirus on March 16, 2020

See also: Government official, politician, and candidate deaths, diagnoses, and quarantines due to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, 2020

Pence’s press secretary stated that Pence tested negative for coronavirus on March 21, 2020. Pence was tested after one of his staffers tested positive.[5]

Coronavirus pandemic
Select a topic from the dropdown below to learn more.

Political responses overviewState reopening plansDocumenting America’s Path to RecoveryDaily updatesElection changesChanges to vote-by-mail and absentee voting proceduresFederal responsesState responsesState executive ordersStay-at-home ordersMultistate agreementsNon-governmental reopening plansEvictions and foreclosures policiesTravel restrictionsEnacted state legislationState legislative session changesSchool closuresState court closuresInmate releasesLocal government responsesDiagnosed or quarantined politiciansBallot measure changesArguments about government responsesThe 1918 influenza pandemicPandemic Response Accountability CommitteeUnemployment filingsLawsuitsBallotpedia’s polling on the coronavirus pandemic

COVID-19, also known ascoronavirus disease 2019, is the disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. The first confirmed case of the disease in the United States was announced on January 21, 2020. For more of Ballotpedia’s coverage of the coronavirus impact on political and civic life,click here.

Recent news

The link below is to the most recent stories in a Google news search for the terms Mike Pence Vice President of the United States. These results are automatically generated from Google. Ballotpedia does not curate or endorse these articles.

See also

External links

  • Twitter
  • WhiteHouse.gov


  1. ↑, “Mike Pence,” accessed August 13, 2020
  2. IndyStar, “Fact checking Trump’s claims about Pence’s tax cuts in Indiana,” September 27, 2017
  3. FiveThirtyEight, “In State Governments, Signs of a Healthier G.O.P.,” April 16, 2013
  4. GovTrack, “Pence,” accessed May 23, 2012
  5. ↑ 5.05.1Politico, “Pence tests negative for coronavirus,” March 21, 2020
  6. ↑ 6.06.1White House, “Michael R. Pence,” accessed August 13, 2020
  7. Senate.gov, “On the Motion to Proceed (Motion to Proceed to the House Message to Accompany H.R. 695 ),” December 21, 2018
  8. Senate.gov, “On the Nomination (Confirmation Jonathan A. Kobes, of South Dakota, to be U.S. Circuit Judge for the Eighth Circuit),” December 11, 2018
  9. Senate.gov, “On the Cloture Motion (Motion to Invoke Cloture: Jonathan A. Kobes to be U.S. Circuit Judge for the Eighth Circuit),” November 29, 2018
  10. Senate.gov, “On the Cloture Motion (Motion to Invoke Cloture on Thomas Alvin Farr, of North Carolina, to be U.S. District Judge for the Eastern District of North Carolina),” accessed November 28, 2018
  11. Senate.gov, “On the Nomination (Confirmation: Russell Vought, of Virginia, to be Deputy Director of the Office of Management and Budget),” February 28, 2018
  12. The HIll, “Pence breaks tie to confirm Trump’s pick for religious ambassador,” January 24, 2018
  13. Senate.gov, “On the Amendment (Cruz Amdt. No. 1852),” December 1, 2017
  14. Senate.gov, “On the Joint Resolution (H. J. Res. 111),” October 24, 2017
  15. Senate.gov, “On the Motion to Proceed (Motion to Proceed to H.R. 1628),” July 25, 2017
  16. The New York Times, “Senate Lets States Defund Clinics That Perform Abortions,” March 30, 2016
  17. Senate.gov, “On the Joint Resolution (H.J. Res. 43),” March 30, 2017
  18. The New York Times, “Betsy DeVos Confirmed as Education Secretary; Pence Breaks Tie,” February 7, 2017
  19. NWI Politics, “Republican Mike Pence sworn-in as Indiana governor,” January 14, 2013
  20. Indianapolis Star, “Holcomb sworn in as Indiana’s 51st governor,” January 9, 2017
  21. OpenSecrets, “Pence, (R-Indiana), 2010”
  22. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  23. This number was found by dividing each member’s total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  24. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  25. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  26. National Journal, “Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House,” accessed February 23, 2012
  27. OpenCongress, “Voting With Party,” accessed July 2014
  28. USA Today, “President Donald Trump and Vice President Mike Pence renew their political vows in advance of 2020,” November 7, 2018
  29. NBC News, “Mike Pence to Meet With Trump, Being Vetted as Potential VP,” accessed July 2, 2016
  30. CNN, “Donald Trump selects Mike Pence as VP,” July 15, 2016
  31. The New York Times, “Vice President-Elect Pence to Take Over Trump Transition Effort,” November 11, 2016
  32. Tribune Star, “Mike Pence backs Trump, Evan Bayh backs Clinton,” accessed May 6, 2016
  33. NPR, “Cruz Lands Indiana Governor Mike Pence’s Endorsement,” April 29, 2016
  34. NWITimes.com, “Pence, Gregg rematch for Indiana governor is on,” February 3, 2016
  35. ↑ Cite error: Invalid tag; no text was provided for refs named nopres
  36. ↑ Cite error: Invalid tag; no text was provided for refs named darkhorse
  37. Reuters, “Congressman Mike Pence to run for Indiana governor,” June 11, 2011
  38. Courier Journal, “Indiana election panel strikes GOP gubernatorial hopeful Jim Wallace from ballot,” February 25, 2012
  39. Indy Star, “GOP gubernatorial candidate Jim Wallace removed from Indiana primary ballot, leaving Mike Pence unopposed,” February 25, 2012
  40. South Bend Tribune, “Governors race ready to ramp up,” May 13, 2012
  41. Evansville Courier & Press, “Pence says he would decline to set up state-level health insurance exchange,” August 21, 2012
  42. The Herald Bulletin, “Ind. governor hopefuls detail jobs ideas for race,” May 13, 2012
  43. U.S. Congress House Clerk, “Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010,” accessed March 28, 2013
  44. Open Secrets, “Mike Pence 2010 Election Cycle,” accessed November 5, 2011
  45. ↑ Cite error: Invalid tag; no text was provided for refs named biography


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